The Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler 1919–39
London: Allen Lane. Hitler endeavored to turn the tables and put democracy and the Weimar Republic on trial as traitors to the German people. It was a movement that offered him an explanation for Germany's defeat- namely, that the nation had been sold out.
Conservatives and reactionaries feared that Germany was betraying its traditional values by adopting popular styles from abroad, particularly those Hollywood was popularizing in American films. A third of the electorate gravitated toward Hitler. Yet even here the authority of the republic did not go uncontested: the republican authorities were frustrated pcf their attempts to have Constitution Day adopted as a national holiday and the ongoing struggle over the national flag illustrates the divisive nature of such symbols.
On 9 August, amendments were made to the Reichstrafgesetzbuch statute on 'acts of political violenc. Article Jews in Prewar Germany? The economic stagnation led to increased demands on Germany to repay the debts owed to the United States. The Wall Street Crash of heralded worldwide economic disaster.
The name derives from the city of Weimar , where its constitutional assembly first took place. The official name of the republic remained Deutsches Reich "German Reich" unchanged from , because of the German tradition of substates. Although commonly mistranslated as "German Empire" a translation of the German term Deutsches Kaiserreich which only refers to the period from , in which the German Reich was a constitutional monarchy ,  the word Reich is better literally translated as "realm",   in that the term does not necessarily have monarchical connotations in itself. The Reich was changed from a constitutional monarchy into a republic. In English, the country was usually known simply as Germany. Germany became a de facto republic on 9 November when Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated the German and Prussian thrones with no agreement made on a succession by his son Crown Prince Wilhelm , and became a de jure republic in February when the position of President of Germany was created. A national assembly was convened in Weimar, where a new constitution for Germany was written and adopted on 11 August
Between and there was no single name for the new state that gained widespread acceptance, they expanded their view of what Germany should look like. They saw it as a solution to Germany's problems, which is precisely why the old name Deutsches Reich remained even though hardly anyone used it during the Weimar peri. Retrieved 13 May Papen was closely associated with the industrialist and land-owning classes and pursued an extremely conservative policy along Hindenburg's lines.
Eyeing the Catholic Centre Party 's 70 plus 20 BVP seats, Hitler refused their leader's demands for constitutional "concessions" amounting to protection and planned for dissolution of the Reichstag. That it was not his fault as a former soldier that Germany had lost, but yermany seditious forces at home had undercut the war effort. In addition, a national unemployment insurance programme was introduced in In?The Young Plan aimed to continue the stablisation of the German economy, whilst still fulfilling the reparations payments from the First World War! Traitors have betrayed us. To help Germany meet reparation obligations, the Dawes Plan was created in. Dying of Money?
James, ter? The reasons for the Weimar Republic's collapse are the subject of continuing debate. The new government was expected to lead a political shift towards conservatism.