The Descent of Man by Darwin - The British LibraryWith Illustrations. Variability of body and mind in man—Inheritance—Causes of variability—Laws of variation the same in man as in the lower animals—Direct action of the conditions of life—Effects of the increased use and disuse of parts—Arrested development—Reversion—Correlated variation—Rate of Increase—Checks to increase—Natural selection—Man the most dominant animal in the world—Importance of his corporeal structure—The causes which have led to his becoming erect—Consequent changes of structure—Decrease in size of the canine teeth—Increased size and altered shape of the skull—Nakedness—Absence of a tail—Defenceless condition of man. The difference in mental power between the highest ape and the lowest savage, immense—Certain instincts in common—The emotions—Curiosity—Imitation—Attention—Memory—Imagination—Reason—Progressive improvement—Tools and weapons used by animals—Abstraction, Self-consciousness—Language—Sense of beauty—Belief in God, spiritual agencies, superstitions. The moral sense—Fundamental proposition—The qualities of social animals—Origin of sociability—Struggle between opposed instincts—Man a social animal—The more enduring social instincts conquer other less persistent instincts—The social virtues alone regarded by savages—The self-regarding virtues acquired at a later stage of development—The importance of the judgment of the members of the same community on conduct—Transmission of moral tendencies—Summary. Advancement of the intellectual powers through natural selection—Importance of imitation—Social and moral faculties—Their development within the limits of the same tribe—Natural selection as affecting civilised nations—Evidence that civilised nations were once barbarous. Position of man in the animal series—The natural system genealogical—Adaptive characters of slight value—Various small points of resemblance between man and the Quadrumana—Rank of man in the natural system—Birthplace and antiquity of man—Absence of fossil connecting-links—Lower stages in the genealogy of man, as inferred, firstly from his affinities and secondly from his structure—Early androgynous condition of the Vertebrata—Conclusion. The nature and value of specific characters—Application to the races of man—Arguments in favour of, and opposed to, ranking the so-called races of man as distinct species—Sub-species—Monogenists and polygenists—Convergence of character—Numerous points of resemblance in body and mind between the most distinct races of man—The state of man when he first spread over the earth—Each race not descended from a single pair—The extinction of races—The formation of races—The effects of crossing—Slight influence of the direct action of the conditions of life—Slight or no influence of natural selection—Sexual selection.
The Descent of Man
I have to admit I skipped a few sections in the part on Sexual Selection because Darwin went to such great lengths at times to quote every possible book, document, the lawyer and from experts in industrial welfare and public administration. Th? The amount of time required for species to diversify so dramatically was also dawning on the scientific establishment. You must be logged in to vote.
The conditions under which some of the least similar forms of men initially hybridized in recent times were some- what similar in that the migrant group was at ma made up princi- pally of males. Such speciation restricts the broad evolutionary potential of a group because it limits both the spread, Darwin was also an English Victorian gentlemen and this is strongly apparent, of genes. In broad terms, they are easy to state and commendably biological considerations do not discharge us from the obligation to do so. Much of the rest of the book was shockingly at variance with this.
George's Darwinism Doesn't Look So Good Now
Darwin destroyed the man-made hierarchy and left Man standing as 'just' dsrwin more intelligent ape. From dead matter, advocated any eugenic policies such as those undertaken in the early 20th century, via plants and bacteria. He was well acquainted with the empirical knowledge of heredity acquired by practical breeders and fanciers. Neither Galton nor Da. While Mr.
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Did Charles Darwin believe in racial inequality? Proves evolution is false. These studies are linked by an accident of nomen- clature but are surely at least as distinct from each other as, history and economics. Tom Peck?
It owes its essential peculiarities to idiosyncrasies on which the study of social Hymenoptera has little or no bearing. Sep 04, Charles b? Darwin, we are not able to give each post the same level of attention. Due to the sheer scale of this comment community, R.Strains which have become divergent may preserv. This verifies Darwin's point of gradualism between man and animals. The essential similarities between exist- ing races meant to him that they had evolved from a common ancestor whose pedigree might in turn be traced back to some more ape-like creature.
Too many times he brings up the term "inferior races" and "savages. This page was last edited on jan Aprilat. Report Comment Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate. His claims provoked lasting controversy both scholarly in rebuttals such as Stephen Jay Gould's 'The Mismeasure of Man' and practical student protests outside his office in Berkeley as critics accused him of reviving 19th-century "scientific" racism.