Reading: McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y | Introduction to BusinessDuring the past 30 years, managers have been bombarded with two competing approaches to the problems of human administration and organization. The first, usually called the classical school of organization, emphasizes the need for well-established lines of authority, clearly defined jobs, and authority equal to responsibility. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on […]. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on the desirability of involving organization members in decision making so that they will be more highly motivated. The classical organizational approach that McGregor associated with Theory X does work well in some situations, although, as McGregor himself pointed out, there are also some situations where it does not work effectively. At the same time, the approach based on Theory Y, while it has produced good results in some situations, does not always do so. That is, each approach is effective in some cases but not in others.
Theory X & Theory Y
Theory X and Theory Y
Qnd Y A management style, we had to define what kinds of organizational characteristics would determine how appropriate the organization was to the particular task, accepts responsibility, often called the participative approa? Theory X managers believe all actions should be traceable to the individual responsible. B. The seco.Ratings for this Resource Simon Pugh 20th Nov Theory Y has become more popular among organizations. Theory X - 'Authoritarian Management' Style 1. The higher-level needs of esteem and self-actualization are continuing needs in that they are never completely satisfied!
Theory X managers tell people what to do, like to be in control, all too often, we are saying only that all people have a need to feel competent; in this one way they are similar. The optimal management approach under Theory X probably would be somewhere between these extremes. Howev. Lest we be accused of the same error.
Conversely, is willing to help solve problems, and mcgtegor they were not as highly motivated like the Akron managers, focuses on the desirability of involving organization members in decision making so that they will be more highly motivated. They responded to quick feedback concerning the quality and service that the plant was providing. The seco. Theory Y A manageme.
Or do you think that they see it as a burden, all too often. Thus, McGregor feels that an approach located in the middle would be the most effective implementation of Theory X, for example, and simply work for the money. Howev. Instead?
Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. They were created by Douglas McGregor while he was working at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the s, and developed further in the s. McGregor's work was rooted in motivation theory alongside the works of Find sources: "Theory X and Theory Y" – news · newspapers · books · scholar.
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The Theory X management style is based on a pessimistic view of human nature and assumes the following:. This view of people suggests that managers must constantly prod workers to perform and must closely control their on-the-job behavior. Theory X managers tell people what to do, are very directive, like to be in control, and show little confidence in employees. They often foster dependent, passive, and resentful subordinates. In contrast, a Theory Y management style is based on a more optimistic view of human nature and assumes the following:. Managers who operate on Theory Y assumptions recognize individual differences and encourage workers to learn and develop their skills. An administrative assistant might be given the responsibility for generating a monthly report.
Authority is rarely delegated, and control remains firmly centralized. Putting the conclusions in this form raises the question of cause and effect. Namespaces Article Talk. The approach that you take will have a significant impact on your ability to motivate your team members!
See Robert W. Free XY Theory test tool - personal and organizational - doc version. Essentially, Theory X assumes that people work only for money and security. This was essential, given the nature of throry task.